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UCSF Pediatric Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease Center

UCSF's Pediatric Cerebrovascular and Stroke Program is one of the few centers in the country to offer comprehensive, highly specialized care to children with even the most challenging neurovascular conditions. These include ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, moyamoyabrain arteriovenous malformationsbrain aneurysmscavernous malformations, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HTT) and other disorders.


The Pediatric Brain Center brings together world-class experts from every discipline related to children's neurological health. The Pediatric Brain Center has general neurology and neurosurgery clinics as well as specialty clinics focused on specific conditions, such as headaches, epilepsy, stroke and brain tumors.

International Alliance for Pediatric Stroke (IAPS)

The International Alliance for Pediatric Stroke (IAPS) connects the pediatric stroke community worldwide to share vetted medical information, bringing awareness, support, education, and research together to help these children. 


The Bellaflies Foundation is dedicated to Making a Positive by providing hope for children and families affected by pediatric strokes. The foundation raises pediatric stroke awareness, funds pediatric stroke research and education worldwide, and provides support to children’s hospitals.


The Children’s Hemiplegia and Stroke Association, CHASA, is a nonprofit organization founded by parents of children with hemiplegia in 1996 to provide information and support to families of children who have hemiplegia, hemiparesis, or hemiplegic cerebral palsy. 



Moyamoya is a rare disorder that causes major blood vessels leading to a child's brain to narrow. If untreated, the vessels become blocked and cause a stroke or recurring mini-strokes called transient ischemic attacks (TIA). In adults, it causes bleeding in the brain or hemorrhagic strokes.

Moyamoya, first described in Japan in the 1960s, means "puff of smoke" in Japanese, named after the abnormal appearance of new blood vessels that grow to make up for the blocked artery. Although the cause is unknown, Japanese and Korean children and those with other disorders such as Down's syndrome, neurofibromatosis and tuberous sclerosis are more frequently affected.

Several types of surgery can restore blood flow to the brain. Without treatment, the disease can be fatal.